Learning through Purposeful Change, Inquiry and Exploration   ngonewsafrica.org
Learning through Purposeful Change, Inquiry and Exploration ngonewsafrica.org

Standard 1: Strategic Leadership


Summary: School executives will create conditions that result in strategically re-imaging the school's vision, mission, and goals in the 21st century. Understanding that schools ideally
prepare students for an unseen but not altogether unpredictable future, the leader creates a climate of inquiry that challenges the school community to continually re-purpose itself by building on its core values and beliefs about its preferred future and then developing a pathway to reach it.

Examples of Standard 1 from "The Chronicles of Narnia"

While all of the Pevensie children become leaders through their adventures and journey in Narnia, the emphasis of leadership is on Aslan, Peter and Prince Caspian. It is telling that it is the "journey" in Narnia that helps all of the Pevensie children and Prince Caspian to become better leaders. Leadership is a journey and it is not the destination that is as important as the things you do/accomplish/learn along the way that finally get you there.

As a leader, Aslan had absented himself for a time, and during this time Jardis took power leading Narnia and its people into a future that was not in line with their "core values and beliefs."
Jardis was an "Autocratic" (dictator) leader with an "Authoritarian" leadership style. She was the only authority, her word was law. Jardis was not interested in anyone's vision of Narnia except for her own. She did not want the Narnians to have a voice. She had her own vision for the future of Narnia and its people, and she did not care if they were prepared for it or not. She discourage inquiry and instead demanded blind obedience. Jardis is not interested in building relationships or in empowering her followers.

Aslan, the leader that all Narnians look up to, must find a way to "re-purpose" his vision for Narnia. Aslan is very different from Jardis in how he leads. His leadership style is "Participative." His leadership type is predominantly "Visionary," but he also utilizes other styles for different situations and reasons. He is "Democratic" in letting the Pevensie children take part in decision-making and in giving them free will, while at the same time practicing a combination of a "Coaching" style of leadership with "Pace-setting". In this way, he leads not only by example, but by being a guide for the young Pevensie children and by modeling his core values and beliefs. These two styles require the building of relationships so that the followers feel trust in the example being set and will accept the "Coaching" or guidance being given. A "Coaching" style of leadership is also good for fostering long-term relationships. Aslan's style of leadership is meant to empower his followers while motivating them to look to his leadership through his vision. Each side, the leader and the follower needs to be motivated to succeed and reach their potential. Since the White Witch, Jardis, has proclaimed herself Queen of Narnia, the vision of Narnia has been changed in a negative way. Not only is the future unpredictable, but the Narnians are not prepared for it as they do not know day to day what will happen to them or their country. Jardis has created an environment where inquiry is not only not welcome, it could be deadly. Aslan knows that as a leader, he must find a way to bring Narnia and its people back to their "core values and beliefs", and he must help find a "pathway to reach it." Aslan also knows as a leader that this is not something he can do on his own. He realizes that he needs a core group of people that he can trust and guide to help him reach these goals. He realizes that in bringing the Pevensie children into Narnia, that they have great leadership potential and that he must help them to realize that potential in order for them to help him build on the "core values and beliefs" of the Narnian people so that together they can defeat Jardis and re-purpose Narnia towards a new and better future. Through his leadership, Aslan created the conditions that lead Peter, Susan and Lucy to share his vision and ultimately, Edmund too. He helps them to prepare for a future they can not fully comprehend, but it is not entirely unpredictable. They know that they are to be rulers in Narnia, but that in order for this to happen, they have to help overcome the White Witch, Jardis. Aslan helps the Pevensie children to develop a pathway and guides them along the way so that they can reach it. Aslan is the dominant leader throughout this series, even when he is not physically present. His vision and influence are so strong that even when he is not physically present, they still adhere to the pathway he has shown them. Aslan has all of the attributes that Douglas Grisham states a good leader must have; "Qualities like Courtesy, Duty, Personal Commitment, Personal Responsibility, Chivalry, Courage and Interpersonal Charity...a leader can't be of any use without them."

Peter Pevensie is the eldest of the Pevensie children that traveled to Narnia. As the eldest, he already had taken on a leadership role in trying to watch over, guide and protect his younger siblings. Peter always tried to do what was right for his brother and sisters. In terms of Standard 1, Peter tried to encourage, motivate and challenge his siblings to "re-purpose" their future based on their new responsibilities in Narnia. They had all been given positions of leadership in Narnia (Peter was High King), and with these positions, they were to work with Aslan to help the Narnians find a new vision for their country, a shared vision with shared goals based on their "core values and beliefs." Along with Aslan, they now had to help Narnians
"develop a pathway" to reach this new vision.

Susan Pevensie is the next eldest. Susan was very logical, but this also at times led her to being stubborn to the point of not listening to others or to reason. She was also very serious and acted as a mother to the youngest Pevensie, Lucy. Susan of all of the Pevensie children had the hardest time in seeing the vision for Narnia. She did not share it's "core values and beliefs" and this affected her ability to be a long-term leader. She lacked the vision and the ability to help others see and reach it. She was a leader for a time in Narnia (Queen Susan the Gentle), but due to her inability to truly believe and see, she instead listened to her fears and stopped believing in Narnia. She was a leader without vision, or the ability and flexibility to re-purpose her original vision.

Edmund Pevensie is the next eldest after Susan. Edmund was a rather rude young man. He was also a leader in progress, but his journey to leadership was a bit rocky due to his run-in with Jardis, the White Witch. Her influence over Edmund led him to make selfish decisions. He did not understand his own "core values and beliefs" and this caused him to lack the vision that Aslan had for Narnia. His siblings who are also leaders in progress, do not ever give up on him. After many misadventures, including Jardis turning against Edmund and trying to kill him, Edmund is rescued by a group sent by Aslan. After a long talk with Aslan Edmund sees the error of his ways and is able to change his directions and now shares the vision that Aslan and his siblings have for Narnia. Jardis tries to reclaim Edmund through an ancient magic law, but Aslan persuades her to let him be. Edmund stays faithful and brave during this exchange and shows that he has truly changed. Edmund is given the opportunity to co-lead with his brother Peter in the coming battle. In a sense, Edmund has "re-purposed" himself investing himself in the shared vision.

Lucy Pevensie is the youngest. She was the first to step through the wardrobe and discover Narnia. When they were all crowned as rulers in Narnia, Lucy was crowned "Queen Lucy The Valiant" for her bravery and faithfulness. She never stopped believing in Narnia or in Aslan. Her vision remained steadfast. Lucy's core beliefs and values held steady. Her leadership skills grew as she opened herself to new experiences, stepping into an unknown future knowing that it was necessary in order to "re-purpose" Narnia and lead it into a new future. She depended upon Aslan to give guidance and direction, to create a "pathway" for them to reach this new future.

Prince Caspian was born the Crown Prince of Narnia, but when his father died, he became the "adopted son" and heir of his Uncle Miraz the "Lord Protector" of Narnia. Caspian was born to be a leader. Caspian learned about the Narnia of old from his nurse, these tales helped him to form his core values and beliefs, and helped him to form a vision of what he would like Narnia to be. The old tales told by his nurse also lead to Caspian's belief in Aslan, opening the door to his future acceptance of Aslan's guidance. When Caspian's tutor tells him he is in danger, he flees. When he is hurt during a storm, "Old Narnians" take him in and nurse him back to health. When they find out his identity, they agree to accept him as their king if he will fight for them and help to set them free. They agree they will all agree to be loyal to Aslan. They all share the same core values, beliefs and vision for Narnia. They look to Caspian to show them them future and to show the the "pathway to reach it." As the battle began, Caspian blew the magic horn of "Queen Susan." The horn brought the Kings and Queens of Old; High King Peter, King Edmund, Queen Susan and Queen Lucy. Peter challenges Miraz, but Miraz is killed before Peter can fight him. Aslan steps in at a point in the battle where it seems all is lost. When the battle is over, the Pevensis children and Prince Caspian all kneel to Aslan acknowledging him as their King. He tell them they are his kings and queens and to arise, he includes Prince Caspian as one of his kings, much to Prince Caspians surprise. Prince Caspians states, "I am not sure I am ready to be king." Aslan replies, "That is why I know you are ready." Aslan is telling him that his humility means that he is ready for the mantle of being a king. Caspian understands that his future is still "unseen" "but not altogether unpredictable." He now knows that his role is to bring the Telmarines and Narnians together and to help them find and have a shared purpose.

Standard 2